Dwight Eisenhower – One of the Most Inspirational Presidents of All Time
Often called one of the top ten U.S. Presidents, Dwight Eisenhower played a major role in so many different areas of the United States throughout both his time as president in addition as his military leadership throughout his lifetime. A very strong rooted person, Eisenhower held two very peaceful terms during his presidency, already though the road leading up to that point was steeped in both World Wars. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890 in Texas, and raised in a religious household. When he graduated from high school, he aided the family in putting one of his brother’s college education until 1911, when enrolled at West Point. From there, he began a glowing military career.
During World War I, he and George S. Patton became friends and regularly discussed tank warfare and strategies. It wasn’t long before he was promoted to the executive officer under General Fox Conner in the Panama Canal where he studied military history and theory and cited throughout his own military career that Conner was one of the most influential people on his military thinking. From there, he attended the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, where he graduated first in his class of 245 officers. During the late 20’s and early 30’s, as his friends left the military, he stayed in and served in several different locaiongs. He was the chief military aide to General Douglas MacArthur and traveled with him to the Philippines. He is often cited as helping provide a valuable preparation for those that were to deal with the challenging personalities of George S. Patton, Bernard Law Montgomery and Winston Churchill during the second World War. He continued to rise in the military ranks until World War II found him appointed as the Commanding General for the European Theater of Operations based in London. He then was appointed the Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force of the North African Theater of Operations, where he was responsible over the capitulation of Axis forces in North Africa, the invasion of Sicily and the Italian mainland. He continued to serve and supervise the battle of Normandy in addition as man other battles until the end of the war in Europe. For his service, he was promoted to General of the Army.
After WWII, he was responsible for the documentation of the Nazi concentration camps, dealing with the German POW’s in addition as helping the world see that the German people were victims of the Nazis, just like the rest of the world had been and not villains. He then was promoted to the Chief of Staff of the Army, where he oversaw the demobilization of millions of soldiers all over the world. He also advised Truman about the Soviets and supported the newly formed United Nations. After a fleeting stent as the President of Columbia University, he published his memoirs: Crusade in Europe, which is cited by critics as one of the finest U.S. military memoirs. After this, a movement in the Republican party managed to persuade him into his best known role, the 34th President of the United States.
During his time as President, he did so many different things that affect the way that we live in the United States today. He produced the Interstate Highway System that was justified by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1965. These highways were designed to help evacuate large cities in the case of war, as the Cold War with Russia was flaring up. It would also aid in getting military vehicles placed throughout the country if need be.
He also empowered the CIA to overthrow Iran’s first democratically elected government and signed into force the Eisenhower Doctrine, which would prepare the U.S. to use armed force to counter any aggression from any country that was controlled by international communism in the Middle East. While many Middle Eastern countries did not approve of this doctrine, he signed it anyway, and stated that the U.S. would send economic and military aid to other Middle Eastern countries and help to stop the spread of communism.
When the French asked for Eisenhower’s help in French Indochina against the communists there that were fighting the First Indochina war in 1953, he sent his friend, Lt. General John W. “Iron Mike” O’Daniel to Vietnam to study the forces there. He also appointed five different supreme court judges that would help to shape some major decisions throughout the history of the United States, and he admitted both Alaska and Hawaii into the United States as the 49th and 50th states.
already after he left office, his legacy, influence, and inspiration are nevertheless felt throughout the world. From the changes that he made to policy during and after the wars he was involved in to the shaping of the United States as a nation, his Presidency is often seen as conservative however extremely productive. He ended several wars, helped to deter others, and aided in promoting peace and humanitarian efforts throughout the world. He already produced People to People International, which is based on his belief that citizen interaction throughout the world would promote a better cultural interaction and help aid world peace.
Many presidents and military leaders have cited his influence and inspiration throughout their lives, their jobs, strategies, and more, which have helped to shape modern warfare tactics in addition as some of the complicate policies that govern how we live today.