DHAKA, Bangladesh, Nov 24 (IPS) – Rising sea levels, extreme climate conditions such as harsh storms faced by Bangladesh, one of the dominant victims of anthropogenic climate change, the country is set to be the worst sufferer from climate change by 2025, far worse than any other country.
Bangladesh, with a population of over 166 million, is imperilled due to its position between two meaningful rivers, the Brahmaputra and Ganges. Many regions in the country are also inclined to drought. As a developing country Bangladesh does not have enough financial resources for protective or reparative measures.
The photo story ‘Wave’ by Mohammad Rakibul Hasan, an award wining Bangladeshi photo journalist, captures images of people who confront this crisis as a human problem. Bangladesh is a small, overpopulated country in Southeast Asia with chiefly an agro-based economy. Besides, climatic hazards like cyclones, floods, drought, soil salinity, and river erosions are more frequent nowadays. These two facts contribute to the increasing number of climate refugees forced to migrate to the cities, worsening the socio-economic problems. The barrages built across the rivers inside the border of India have resulted in both flooding and drying of the river beds in Bangladesh. Major rivers like Padma, Jamuna, Meghna, Brahmaputra, and smaller rivers in the coastal vicinity erode when the water level rises. Due to prolonged droughts, the temperature is increasing every year at an upsetting rate. Sadly, people can’t adapt to this rapidly changing climate and are on the brink of socio-economic insecurity. The groups, whether present or absent, don’t bring any hope for these people. When they hit, they take away the valuable land and lives. When the groups are gone, nothing is left but parched, cracked riverbeds.
A report on the impact of Farakka barrage on the human fabric. Manisha Banerjee, on behalf of the South Asian Network on Dams, Rivers, and People (SANDRP).